Russian physician and author, known for his short stories and such plays as The Gull and The Cherry Orchard.
As a boy, he sang in the Greek Orthodox monastery in Taganrog and in his father's choirs.
One of his literary maxims is that 'If a gun appears in the first act, it must be used by the third,' and remains a rule of literature to this day.
Married German actress Olga Knipper on May 25th, 1901 away from the public's eye.
His detached and realistic writing techniques were later assumed by various modernists such as James Joyce.