English author, poet, and professor who created The Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings trilogy.
He served in the British Army in WWI, where he lost many of his close friends. From 1945 to 1959, he served as a professor of Anglo-Saxon literature and translated Beowulf from Old English.
He cited Old English stories, including Beowulf, as inspiration for the legends of Middle-earth. He also served as a codebreaker during WWII.
In January 1913, he married Edith Mary Bratt after one of his love letters dissuaded her from marrying another man.
He was close friends with the author C.S. Lewis; they were both members of a literary group called the Inklings.
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