Pulitzer Prize-winning Objectivist poet whose best- known works include Seascape: Needle's Eye and The Materials. He received the Pulitzer Prize for Of Being Numerous, a poetry collection published in 1968.
He attended Warren Military Academy in San Francisco, but he was expelled from school before he could graduate.
He joined the Communist Party in the 1930s. Later, he received the Purple Heart for his military service in World War II.
He wed Mary Colby, whom he had met at Oregon State Agricultural College.
He briefly owned a publishing company that published works by William Carlos Williams and Ezra Pound.