Nineteenth-century artist remembered for his nautically-themed paintings. His works, many of them images of steamboats, are often classified as pieces of Naive art.
When he was twelve years old, he collaborated with his twin brother, John, on the first of many jointly-produced steamboat paintings.
In 1940, much of his artwork became part of the permanent collection at the Mariners' Museum in Eastern Virginia.
He married Harriet DeGroot, a woman six years his senior. The couple had several children, only one of whom -- a daughter named Ellen -- survived past childhood.
Shipping and railroad giant Cornelius Vanderbilt served as an artistic patron to both James and John Bard.