Influential jazz artist whose contributions to jazz piano helped shape jazz history in meaningful ways. He pioneered bebop.
He moved to Chicago, Illinois, in 1925, which was known as the jazz capital of the world at the time and was famous for
He wanted to follow in his father's footsteps and become a cornet player, but playing the instrument hurt him behind the ears, so he embraced the piano. He married wife Janie with whom he fathered actress Janear Hines.
He met Louis Armstrong in Chicago when he was 21, leading to a lengthy collaboration and close friendship between the two.