American World War II-era leader who served as Army Chief of Staff, Secretary of Defense, and Secretary of State.
He served as second lieutenant in the U.S. Army after graduating from the Virginia Military Institute.
He won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1953 for his Marshall Plan, which provided for the rebuilding of post-World War II Europe.
He was distantly related to former Chief Justice,
His war-time actions and post-war plans were highly praised by Winston Churchill.