Neurophysiologist who developed influential theories on the function of the brain. He was also an early contributor to the cybernetics movement and was a founding member of the American Society for Cybernetics.
After receiving his MD from Columbia, he took a job with a the Laboratory for Neurophysiology at Yale, before moving to the Department of Psychiatry at the University of Illinois at Chicago.
He researched brain control of motor function like moving arms or legs by using strychnine solutions to stimulate neural activity in portions of the brain.
He was born in Orange, New Jersey.
His seminal work, “A Logical Calculus,” later inspired many theorists on artificial intelligence, like Alan Turing.