Palestinian politician known for being the founder of the Islamist paramilitary group and political party Hamas. He was killed in an attack by an Israeli helicopter in 2004.
He was a quadriplegic who had been in a wheelchair since the age of twelve.
He was arrested and sentenced to life in prison by the Israelis in 1989 but was released in 1997 in a deal with the Jordanian government.
He had four brothers and two sisters.
He was heavily criticized by Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon for his involvement in a number of suicide attacks on Israeli citizens.