The Red Light Bandit was convicted in a controversial case, and executed while vigorously claiming his innocence.
The transcriber in the court case made changes to his transcriptions and sometimes couldn't understand his own writing - just one of several serious issues with the case.
He spent more than a decade on death row, and his case brought the conversation about capital punishment to the forefront.
He was born in St. Joseph, Michigan.
Alan Alda portrayed him in a television movie about his life - one of many pop culture interpretations of his case.