Native American leader who took part in an 1877 war, after his Nez Perce tribesmen were removed from Oregon's Wallowa Valley.
His father split with other Nez Perce leaders in his refusal to sign an 1863 treaty that would relocate his people to an Idaho reservation, and deprive them of their ancestral lands.
He has a scenic highway in Wyoming, a dam in Washington, a city in Oregon, and a road in Montana named after him.
He was married and had a daughter named Jean-Louise.
His bravery in the Nez Perce War was praised by Union General William Tecumseh Sherman.