Polish-born entrepreneur who founded the international cosmetics enterprise Helena Rubinstein Inc.
She was one of eight daughters born to a Krakow shopkeeper, and she studied medicine for a time in Switzerland before moving to Australia and later, the United States.
She commissioned the renowned artist Salvador Dali to paint a portrait of her and to design a makeup compact for her company.
She was married twice: first to journalist Edward William Titus, with whom she had two children, and following her divorce, to Prince Artchil Gourielli-Tchkonia of Georgia.
Her rivalry with fellow cosmetics entrepreneur Elizabeth Arden began in 1915, when Rubinstein opened a cosmetics boutique in New York City.