American prelate of the Roman Catholic Church who served as the Archbishop of Detroit from 1958 to 1980.
He studied to become a priest at St. Mary's Seminary from 1925 to 1929.
The Wanderer, a Roman Catholic weekly newspaper, called him "a major heretic" and "one of the worst the Catholic Church has ever suffered from."
He was the oldest of five children.
He was a cardinal elector in the October 1978 papal conclave that selected Pope John Paul II.