Czech Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church who was the Archbishop of Prague from 1991 to 2012.
He worked at the Motor Union automobile factory in České Budějovice in 1952 and 1953.
He had to carry out his pastoral duties in secret during the 70's, after the Prague Spring, because the state authority had revoked his state authorization to exercise his priestly ministry.
He was raised in Záluží near Chyšky where he worked on the family farm.
He participated as a cardinal elector in the 2005 papal conclave that selected Pope Benedict XVI.