The former King of Cambodia who was in power from 1941 to 1955 and then again from 1993 to 2004. He notably proclaimed Cambodia's independence in 1945.
He was educated in Saigon, Vietnam.
He has also served multiple terms as Cambodian Prime Minister, president, and sovereign prince and the Guinness Book of World Records named him as the politician who has been in the greatest variety of political offices.
He and his wife of more than five decades, Norodom Monineath, had 14 children.
He was threatened with a coup attempt by Cambodian general Lon Nol in 1970.