This former Indian Kerala State Minister of Labour and Finance began serving in 2004 as Chief Minister of the Kerala State. In 2011, he began a second term as Chief Minister and also served as the Kerala State Minister of Home Affairs.
While earning an undergraduate law degree from the Government Law College in Ernakulam, India, he was elected President of the Kerala Students Union.
He was first elected to the Kerala Legislative Assembly in 1970.
His marriage to Mariamma Oommen resulted in two daughters and one son.
He and Benny Behanan both held membership in the Indian National Congress Party.