20th-century painter and sculptor who co-founded the Cubist movement and co-invented several new styles of art, including constructed sculpture, collage, and the plastic arts.
He displayed an artistic talent for realism during his youth, but his style changed in the early 1900s, leading him to create cubist works such as Les Demoiselles d'Avignon in 1907 and Guernica in 1937.
His artistic life was divided into several periods: the Blue Period from 1901 until 1904; the Rose Period from 1904 until 1906; the African-influenced Period from 1907 until 1909; Analytic Cubism from 1909 until 1912; and Synthetic Cubism from 1912 until 1919.
His name on his baptism certificate reads: Pablo Diego Jose Francisco de Paula Juan Nepomuceno Maria de los Remedios Crispiniano de la Santasima Trinidad and was intended to honor several family members as well as patron saints. He was involved with many different women over the course of his life and was the father of four children: Paulo, Maya, Claude and Paloma Picasso.
He and printmaker Henri Matisse had an intensely competitive friendship during the 20th century.