Author and historian who wrote about the effects of the Arab-Israeli War of 1948 on the Palestinian people. His publications include Palestine Partitioned, Bitter Harvest: Palestine, and Palestinian Rights and Losses.
He worked as an interpreter for the British Army.
His book, Land Ownership in Palestine, was re-printed and widely circulated for decades.
His parents were Palestinian Christians. He was born in Jerusalem, and he died at the age of 100 in Toronto, Canada.
He and Khalil al-Sakakini were both Arab Christians.