Belarusian general who served during World War I, the Russian Civil War, the Polish-Bolshevik War, and the Invasion of Poland.
He attended agricultural school for four years.
He was awarded the Cross of Valour of the BuÅ‚ak-BaÅ‚achowicza Army.
He had two brothers and six sisters.
He wrote a book about the Nazi regime of Adolf Hitler.