Native American runner widely considered one of the best long-distance runners of his era. He won notable races like the 1907 Boston Marathon, which he completed in record time.
He began his running career in 1905 and worked as a dispatch runner during World War I.
He is a member of the Indian Hall of Fame as well as the Canadian Sports Hall of Fame.
He had four children with Martha Silversmith.
He and Alberto Salazar are both winners of the Boston Marathon.