Afghan politician known for being the first Chief Executive of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, an office created as part of an agreement with Ashraf Ghani after a contested 2014 presidential election.
He served as the Minister of Foreign Affairs from 2001-2005 and ran for president in 2009.
He worked as a pharmacist in the mid-1980s but later left the country for a time during communist unrest.
He grew up with nine siblings. He married Fakhria Abdullah in 1993.
He ran against Hamid Karzai in 2009.