Swedish explorer who sailed on the Vega around Europe and Asia through the Bering Strait.
Campaigning for Finnish independence from Russia earned him the ire of Russian authorities and exile from Finland.
His famous voyage aboard the Vega took two years because the ship was trapped in ice during a long winter.
He was born into a noble family, and his father was a member of the Russian Academy of Sciences.
Vitus Bering was another prominent explorer of the waterway between North America and Russia, which came to bear his name.