A Latvian writer, Lutheran cleric, and twentieth-century political figure, he is most remembered for his anti-socialist literary works. One of his best-known titles is The Memoirs of a Traitor to the Nation, which he wrote while in exile from his native Latvia.
He published his first book of poems when he was just nineteen years old.
He served during the Latvian War of Independence as Prime Minister of the German puppet government in Latvia.
He was raised in the Gulbene municipality of Latvia.
He and Romain Gary were both successful authors from Latvia.