Associated with the Hudson River School and known for such works as "The Catskills" (1859) and "Progress" (1853).
He established himself as an expert engraver after being hired by John Trumbull to engrave "Declaration of Independence" in 1823 and helped set up the National Academy of Design in 1845.
He was known for his 1849 painting Kindred Spirits, which depicted fellow Hudson River School artist Thomas Cole and poet William Cullen Bryant.
He grew up with 10 siblings. His daughter, Julia, donated Kindred Spirits to the New York Public Library in 1904, which was later auctioned by Sotheby's in May 2005 for $35 million and was purchased by Walmart heiress Alice Walton.
He and fellow artist Jacob Lawrence were both born in New Jersey.