English mathematician chiefly responsible for the creation of the calculus tools Taylor's theorem and Taylor series. His work would later be described by Joseph-Louis Lagrange as "the main foundation of differential calculus."
He attended St. John's College, Cambridge where he was mentored by John Machin and John Keill.
He was elected to the Royal Society in 1712 and later acted as their secretary between 1714 and 1718.
He was born in Edmonton, England. He married Miss Brydges of Wallington, Surrey in 1721, but she and his son died upon his birth. He remarried to Sabetta Sawbridge who also died in childbirth with his daughter Elizabeth. He died at only 46 in November 1731.