Prolific Portuguese writer whose more than 260 works combine Romanticism with sarcasm and dark humor. His notable works include Os Misterios de Lisboa, Noites de Lamego, and O Romance de um Homem Rico.
He studied theology and medicine before deciding to become a writer.
His autobiographical work, Memorias do Carcere, recounts his time spent in prison.
He was orphaned as a young child. Later in his life, he was twice arrested: once for digging up the remains of his dead wife, and once for having an extramarital affair.
He and Nathaniel Hawthorne can both be classified as dark romantic writers.