Renowned American novelist and short story writer who is best known for The Scarlet Letter and The House of the Seven Gables. His psychologically and morally complex works exemplify the literary genre of Dark Romanticism.
He graduated from Bowdoin College in 1825 and subsequently secured work as editor of the American Magazine of Useful and Entertaining Knowledge. His earliest published works include such short stories as "Young Goodman Brown" and "The Minister's Black Veil."
He was born in Salem, Massachusetts, the descendant of a judge (John Hathorne) who had presided over the infamous Salem Witch Trials. Hawthorne married transcendentalist and illustrator, Sophia Peabody, in 1842. The couple welcomed three children--Una, Julian, and Rose-- between 1844 and 1851.
Edgar Allan Poe initially wrote harsh critiques of Hawthorne's work, but later recognized Hawthorne's genius.