Pitcher for the Pittsburgh Pirates who admitted to throwing his 1970 no-hitter under the influence of LSD.
He refused to play for his Gardena High school baseball team after one of its player used a racial slur to refer to him.
He walked eight batters during his no-hitter, and remembered struggling with his aim, with the ball and catcher sometimes disappearing from his sight.
He was married four times, with four children.
Jackie Robinson, the first black man in baseball, supported Ellis in trying to gain equality for all races in baseball, but warned him not to be too outspoken.