Son of Henry VIII of England and first Earl of Leicester and Lancaster. He participated in the Ninth Crusade, the last major medieval Crusade to the Holy Land, which took place from 1271 to 1272.
He was made ruler of Sicily by Pope Innocent IV.
As a small child, he had claim to the Kingdom of Sicily.
His parents were King Henry III and Eleanor of Provence.
He is an ancestor of Henry VIII.