An American encyclopedia editor and essayist, he is known for works such as Outlines of General History (1900), Imaginary Obligations (1904), and Constrained Attitudes (1910). He taught history and economics at Amherst College, Barnard College, and New York University.
In 1888, he graduated from Columbia University. Several years later, he became an editor for the International Cyclopedia.
He worked as an editor for the International Year Book.
He was born and raised in Washington, D. C. In the 1880s, he attended college in New York City.
He and Joseph Gordon both attended Columbia University.