German philosopher and critic best known for books such as Beyond Good and Evil, Twilight of the Idols, and Thus Spake Zarathustra, which challenged traditional ideas of morality.
He attended the University of Bonn studying theology and classical philology, but lost his faith and dropped out after one semester. He would go on to become a lecturer and teacher himself.
His work on the will to power and aesthetics have inspired artists and thinkers ever since his writings were first published.
His father died in 1849 from brain ailments and his brother died the next year.
He claimed that Fyodor Dostoevsky was a great influence on his thinking.