Composer and conductor of the late-Romantic period whose famous Eighth Symphony premiered in 1910. His compositional style combined 19th-century Austrian/German musical tradition with hints of early 20th-century modernism.
He attended the Vienna Conservatory in the 1870s and later became director of the Hofoper (Vienna Court Opera).
He was married to Alma Mahler Gropius Werfel from 1902 until his death in 1911. They had two daughters named Anna and Maria Mahler. He was born into a Jewish family in Kalischt, Bohemia, a village that was, at the time, part of the Austrian Empire.
He was one of the most respected musical conductors of his generation and was particularly known as an excellent interpreter of the operatic works of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and Richard Wagner.