A twentieth-century American writer and playwright, she is best known for her 1943 novel, Two Serious Ladies, and for her 1953 play, In the Summer House. The latter work opened on Broadway in the early 1950s to mixed reviews.
She was born in New York City, and she later attended boarding school in Switzerland.
She was in poor health throughout her life: as a child, she suffered from tubercular arthritis, and she later dealt with both alcoholism and a stroke.
She married writer Paul Bowles in 1938, although they were both more or less homosexual.
Truman Capote and Tennessee Williams both admired Bowles' literary work.