Jazz pioneer who helped refine the concept of free interplay between musicians, making improvisation possible.
He attended the University of North Texas College of Music and became first known for "Four Brothers," a composition he did for Woody Herman's big band.
His 1961 saxophone, piano, and upright bass trio experimented with fusing free jazz and a chamber music sensibility.
He was born in Dallas, Texas.
One of Giuffre's trios opened for Gerry Mulligan's band at a show in Rome in 1959.