Remembered as the 'great dissenter' of the Earl Warren Court of the 1950s and 1960s, this influential Supreme Court Associate Justice served from 1955 until 1971, voting in favor of civil rights initiatives in such cases as Loving v. Virginia and Cooper v. Aaron.
After studying at Princeton, Oxford, and the New York Law School, he became an Assistant United States Attorney for New York's Southern District.
He died of cancer just three months after retiring from the U.S. Supreme Court and was replaced by William Rehnquist.
His marriage to Ethel Andrews resulted in a daughter named Evangeline. From 1877 until 1911, his grandfather, John Marshall Harlan, was also an Associate Justice in the Supreme Court.
He was nominated to the Supreme Court by U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower as a replacement for Robert H. Jackson.