He was tutored at home before his mother died. His father then took him to England to finish his education.
His life came to an end during the Battle of the Combahee River.
He married Martha Manning in 1776 and they had a daughter, Frances, in 1777. He had siblings named Martha, Henry, James, and Mary, and was born to parents Henry Laurens and Eleanor Ball.
He developed a close relationship with Alexander Hamilton.