Realist painter who received a gold medal from Queen Dona Maria II at the triennial exhibition in 1849. He was fascinated by painting customs, but he struggled to separate realism from sentimentalism.
He studied at the Academy of Fine Arts with such future notables as João Pedro Monteiro (Monteirinho), Francisco Augusto Metrass, Tomás da Anunciação, Joaquim Pedro de Sousa, and António José Patrício.
His most famous work is the painting "O Pobre Rabequista" from 1855.
He grew up with five brothers. He married in 1863 and had three children.
He and Edward Hopper were both realist painters.