Acclaimed director of the 1960s who was heavily influenced by his McCarthy-era blacklisting.
He was called to testify before the House Un-American Activities Committee as a suspected Communist sympathizer. Afterwards he could not find work in Hollywood, so he decided to seek refuge in England.
He spent most of his artistic life in self-imposed exile in Britain, and his films naturally took on the tone of outsiders looking in and of a world cruel and uncaring.
He was born in La Crosse, Wisconsin, to an influential family.
His 1962 film Eva starred Jeanne Moreau.