Director of iconic teenage angst films like Johnny Guitar and Rebel Without a cause.
He moved to New York to act in radio and in Eli Kazan's stage plays after studying art at Frank Lloyd Wright's artist's colony in Wisconsin.
His professional success peaked with Rebel Without a Cause. An addiction to drugs and alcohol forced him to retire from filmmaking and spend the rest of his working life as a professor.
He was born in Galesville, Wisconsin, a descendant of German and Norwegian immigrants.
He cast James Dean as the hero of Rebel Without a Cause. Dean died a few days before the film's release, contributing to both the film's legacy and his own legacy.