Before taking office as Prime Minister of Malta in 2013, Muscat served a four-year term in the European Parliament and subsequently became Leader of the Labour Party.
After earning a bachelor's degree in public policy and business management and a master's degree in European Studies from the University of Malta, he obtained a doctorate in management research from the University of Bristol.
Before beginning his political career, he worked for both One Radio and Super One TV and edited the web-based newspaper maltastar.com.
Born in Pieta, Malta, he grew up in the Roman Catholic faith. He married Michelle Tanti in 2001; they had daughters named Soleil and Etoile (the French words for sun and star, respectively).
He and Censu Tabone both had prominent political careers in Malta.