Pioneer of public health nursing who became a prominent activist for the rights of women and minorities.
Seeing a need for medical care in New York's largely Jewish immigrant tenements, she began a foundation to help not only them, but impoverished people everywhere.
She co-founded the Henry Street Settlement in New York, providing public services like health care, banking, and vocational training.
She was born in Cincinnati, Ohio to a middle class German-Jewish family.
Alice Paul, her contemporary, campaigned for women's suffrage.