Pharmacist who became best known for devising the Scoville Organoleptic Test which measures the spiciness of chili peppers. The pungency of chili peppers is now standardized as the Scoville scale. He authored the book The Art of Compounding.
He was working at the Parke-Davis pharmaceutical company in 1912 when he devised the test.
Google celebrated his 151st birthday with a doodle on their homepage. He was the recipient of the Ebert prize from the American Pharmaceutical Association in 1922 and the Remington Honor Medal in 1929.
He and his wife Cora B. Upham had children named Amy Augusta and Ruth Upham.
He and George P. Shultz both earned honorary degrees from Columbia University.