Urban planner and architect known for creating the layout of Brasilia, the federal capital of Brazil. He was known for the Brazilian pavilion featured at the 1939 New York World's Fair and Rio's Ministry of Education and Health.
He graduated from the National School of Fine Arts in Rio de Janeiro in 1924. He dabbled in the eclectic early on, but settled into Modernism in 1929.
He formed a partnership with the famed Gregori Warchavchik in 1930.
His father, Joaquim Ribeiro da Costa, was a naval engineer, who grew up in Salvador, Bahia. His mother, Alina Ferreira da Costa, hailed from Manaus.
He and Robert Moses both became renowned urban planners.