African-American civil rights activist who served as Chairwoman of the NAACP and sought justice for three decades for the murder of her first husband, who was also a civil rights leader.
She began working for the NAACP in 1954 with her husband, who was the field secretary at the time. They fought for voting rights and desegregation in Mississippi.
She delivered the invocation at the second inauguration of President
She was married to
Whoopi Goldberg played her in the film Ghosts of Mississippi, which dramatized the events of her husband's assassination.