Swiss physicist who was the Department of Physics at ETH Zurich.
He started attending ETH Zurich in 1908 and graduated from the University of Gottingen with a doctorate on the Faraday Effect in the hydrogen molecule.
He studied nuclear physics in the 1930s and became president of the Schweizerischen Studienkommission für Atomenergie.
He was raised with his family in St.Gallen, Switzerland.
He was tutored by Peter Debye in 1916 and together they developed a procedure using x-rays for the structural analysis of crystals called the "Debye–Scherrer powder method".