Avant-garde photographer and influential filmmaker from the 1930s.
He studied photography at Dartmouth College and then took a job as a freelance photographer for advertisers and magazines.
Among his most notable works was the 1936 film The Plow That Broke the Plains: a documentary about the dust bowl and 1938's The City, which was a critically acclaimed film about New York.
He was born and raised in Cleveland, Ohio.
His 1935 Pie in the Sky was the earliest film worked on by Elia Kazan.