Actor and acclaimed director of On the Waterfront, A Streetcar Named Desire, and East of Eden.
He waited tables and washed dishes to afford to go to Williams College.
He and Lee Strasberg brought method acting to the forefront and founded The Actors Studio. He preferred casting little-known actors and gave performers like Warren Beatty their first major roles.
He married playwright Molly Day Thatcher on December 5, 1932, actress Barbara Loden on June 5, 1967, and Frances Rudge on June 26, 1982.
He directed James Dean in the film adaptation of East of Eden.