American track and field athlete and eight-time Olympic gold medalist, winning in 1900, 1904, and 1908.
He attended Purdue University and received a graduate degree in engineering.
He contracted polio at the age of seven and was told that he was going to spend the rest of his life in a wheelchair.
He was born in 1873 and grew up without a father.
His eight gold medals in individual events was second only to Michael Phelps' 11 gold medals.