Victor Gruen

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Birthday
18, 1903
Birthplace
Austria
Death Date
Feb 14, 1980 (76)
Birth Sign
Cancer
Birthday
18, 1903
Birthplace
Austria
Death Date
Feb 14, 1980 (76)

About

Inventor of the modern shopping mall and designer of the first outdoor pedestrian mall in the U.S. He influenced the urban-revitalization projects of Fort Worth, Texas, Kalamazoo, Michigan, and Fresno, California, during the 1950s and 1960s.

Before Fame

He studied architecture at the Vienna Academy of Fine Arts. He was employed by Peter Behrens during the 1930s. He relocated to the United States after Germany conquered Austria in 1938.

Trivia

His firm designed over 50 shopping malls by the mid-1970s, including the 800,000 square-foot Southdale Mall in Edina, Minnesota, the nation's first enclosed shopping mall.

Family Life

His family was residing in Vienna when he was born. He married four times.

Associated With

He and Le Corbusier were contemporaries.