Light middleweight gold medal Olympic boxer at the 1960 Summer Rome Games who also won a gold medal at the 1959 Pan American Games in Chicago.
He won a couple of Golden Gloves and was the 1960 U.S. Olympic Trials 156-lb champion before making his professional debut in 1961.
He was found guilty in the first Federal court case that featured the concept of same-race discrimination.
He was born in Toledo, Ohio.
He was defeated by Rubin Carter in one of his more notable fights.