Abstract painter best known for his "ultimate" or "black" paintings. He belonged to the American Abstract Artists and was associated with the Betty Parsons Gallery, which became a center of the Abstract Expressionism movement.
He attended Columbia University and the National Academy of Design, where he was a student of the famed Karl Anderson.
He worked for the Works Progress Administration's Federal Art Project in 1936.
He was born in Buffalo, New York. His family resided in the Riverside section next to the Niagara River.